Fact Sheet on Vanuatu
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Prime Minister Hon. Moana Carcasses Kalosil (since 04.02.2011)
Minister of Foreign Affairs & External Trade Hon. Alfred Carlot
Coalition Partners

National United Party (NUP), Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP), Vanua’aku Party (VP), PAP, VLP, VNP and NAG

Capital Port Vila

Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba

Population 243,304 (2009 )
Sex Ratio 1.05
Annual Population Growth Rate 1.52% (2005 est.)
Life Expectancy at Birth

Total Population: 62.49 years Male: 61 years; Female: 64.05 years

Infant Mortality Rate

Total: 55.16 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 57.73 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 52.45 deaths/1,000 live births

Crude Birth Rate

23.06 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Crude Death Rate

7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Total Fertility Rate 2.77 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Labour Force (By occupation) 2000 Agriculture (65%), Industry (5%), Services (30%)
Geographical location

Vanuatu is a group of 83 islands in the South West Pacific, North East of New Caledonia and North West of Fiji

Land Area

12189 sq km (includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited)

Coastline 2,528 km

Tropical; moderate by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from Dec. to April


Three official languages: English, French, Pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) plus more than 100 local dialects and languages are spoken)

Ethnic Group(s)

Indigenous Melanesian (98%). There are a significant number of French, Vietnamese, Chinese, British, Australian and New Zealand nationals staying in Vanuatu. In addition, there are about 50 persons of Indian origin.

Religion(s) Christian
Nationality Ni-Vanuatu
GDP at current prices US$ 1.219 billion (2011)
Total Exports (2010) $40 million
Major Export Products Copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Major Export Partners Thailand, Japan, Belgium, Australia
Total Imports (2010) $156
Bilateral Trade (2011) US$ 2.5 million
Major Import Products Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels, basic manufactures.
Major Imports Partners Australia; Japan; Singapore; New Zealand, China
Agriculture Products

Copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables; fish, beef

Industries Food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Foreign Exchange Reserves (2010) US$ 140 million
Natural Resources Manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Currency Vatu
Exchange Rate 1US$=Vatu 96.9 (approx.)

The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980.

Independence Day 30 July
Time difference with India 5-1/2 hours ahead of IST

July 1, 2013